Two Political Jurisdictions:  "National" government v. "Federal/General" government
Related references/articles:

SOURCES:

  1. Non-Resident Non-Person Position, Form #05.020, Section 5.1.
  2. Great IRS Hoax, Section 4.5.2.

Many people are blissfully unaware that there are actually two mutually exclusive political and legal jurisdictions within United States the country.  Your citizenship status determines which of the two jurisdictions you are a member of and you have an option to adopt either.  This book describes how to regain the model on the right, the “Federal government”, which we also call the “United States of America” throughout this book.  We have prepared a table to compare the two and explain what we mean.  The vast majority of Americans fall under the model on the left, and their own ignorance, fear, and apathy has put them there.  The model on the left treats everyone as part of the federal corporation called the “United States”, which is how the law defines it in 28 U.S.C. 3002(15)(A).  This area is also called “the federal zone” throughout this book.  The “United States” first became a federal corporation in 1871 and you can read this law for yourself right from the Statutes at Large:

http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Taxes/16Amend/SpecialLaw/DCCorpStatuesAtLarge.pdf

Congress legislates for two separate legal and political and territorial jurisdictions:

  1. The states of the Union under the requirements of the Constitution of the United States.  In this capacity, it is called the “federal/general government”.
  2. The U.S. government, the District of Columbia, U.S. possessions and territories, and enclaves within the states.  In this capacity, it is called the “national government”.  The authority for this jurisdiction derives from  Article 1, Section 8, Clause 17 of the United States Constitution.  All laws passed essentially amount to municipal laws for federal property, and in that capacity, Congress is not restrained by either the Constitution or the Bill of Rights.  We call the collection of all federal territories, possessions, and enclaves within the states “the federal zone” throughout this document.

The U.S. Supreme Court confirmed the above when it said:

“It is clear that Congress, as a legislative body, exercise two species of legislative power: the one, limited as to its objects, but extending all over the Union: the other, an absolute, exclusive legislative power over the District of Columbia. The preliminary inquiry in the case now before the Court, is, by virtue of which of these authorities was the law in question passed?”
[Cohens v. Virginia, 19 U.S. 264, 6 Wheat. 265; 5 L.Ed. 257 (1821)]

James Madison, one of our founding fathers, described these two separate jurisdictions in Federalist Paper #39, when he said:

First. In order to ascertain the real character of the government, it may be considered in relation to the foundation on which it is to be established; to the sources from which its ordinary powers are to be drawn; to the operation of those powers; to the extent of them; and to the authority by which future changes in the government are to be introduced.

On examining the first relation, it appears, on one hand, that the Constitution is to be founded on the assent and ratification of the people of America, given by deputies elected for the special purpose; but, on the other, that this assent and ratification is to be given by the people, not as individuals composing one entire nation, but as composing the distinct and independent States to which they respectively belong. It is to be the assent and ratification of the several States, derived from the supreme authority in each State, the authority of the people themselves. The act, therefore, establishing the Constitution, will not be a NATIONAL, but a FEDERAL act.

That it will be a federal and not a national act, as these terms are understood by the objectors; the act of the people, as forming so many independent States, not as forming one aggregate nation, is obvious from this single consideration, that it is to result neither from the decision of a MAJORITY of the people of the Union, nor from that of a MAJORITY of the States. It must result from the UNANIMOUS assent of the several States that are parties to it, differing no otherwise from their ordinary assent than in its being expressed, not by the legislative authority, but by that of the people themselves. Were the people regarded in this transaction as forming one nation, the will of the majority of the whole people of the United States would bind the minority, in the same manner as the majority in each State must bind the minority; and the will of the majority must be determined either by a comparison of the individual votes, or by considering the will of the majority of the States as evidence of the will of a majority of the people of the United States. Neither of these rules have been adopted. Each State, in ratifying the Constitution, is considered as a sovereign body, independent of all others, and only to be bound by its own voluntary act. In this relation, then, the new Constitution will, if established, be a FEDERAL, and not a NATIONAL constitution.

The next relation is, to the sources from which the ordinary powers of government are to be derived. The House of Representatives will derive its powers from the people of America; and the people will be represented in the same proportion, and on the same principle, as they are in the legislature of a particular State. So far the government is NATIONAL, not FEDERAL. The Senate, on the other hand, will derive its powers from the States, as political and coequal societies; and these will be represented on the principle of equality in the Senate, as they now are in the existing Congress. So far the government is FEDERAL, not NATIONAL. The executive power will be derived from a very compound source. The immediate election of the President is to be made by the States in their political characters. The votes allotted to them are in a compound ratio, which considers them partly as distinct and coequal societies, partly as unequal members of the same society. The eventual election, again, is to be made by that branch of the legislature which consists of the national representatives; but in this particular act they are to be thrown into the form of individual delegations, from so many distinct and coequal bodies politic. From this aspect of the government it appears to be of a mixed character, presenting at least as many FEDERAL as NATIONAL features.

The difference between a federal and national government, as it relates to the OPERATION OF THE GOVERNMENT, is supposed to consist in this, that in the former the powers operate on the political bodies composing the Confederacy, in their political capacities; in the latter, on the individual citizens composing the nation, in their individual capacities. On trying the Constitution by this criterion, it falls under the NATIONAL, not the FEDERAL character; though perhaps not so completely as has been understood. In several cases, and particularly in the trial of controversies to which States may be parties, they must be viewed and proceeded against in their collective and political capacities only. So far the national countenance of the government on this side seems to be disfigured by a few federal features. But this blemish is perhaps unavoidable in any plan; and the operation of the government on the people, in their individual capacities, in its ordinary and most essential proceedings, may, on the whole, designate it, in this relation, a NATIONAL government.

But if the government be national with regard to the OPERATION of its powers, it changes its aspect again when we contemplate it in relation to the EXTENT of its powers. The idea of a national government involves in it, not only an authority over the individual citizens, but an indefinite supremacy over all persons and things, so far as they are objects of lawful government. Among a people consolidated into one nation, this supremacy is completely vested in the national legislature. Among communities united for particular purposes, it is vested partly in the general and partly in the municipal legislatures. In the former case, all local authorities are subordinate to the supreme; and may be controlled, directed, or abolished by it at pleasure. In the latter, the local or municipal authorities form distinct and independent portions of the supremacy, no more subject, within their respective spheres, to the general authority, than the general authority is subject to them, within its own sphere. In this relation, then, the proposed government cannot be deemed a NATIONAL one; since its jurisdiction extends to certain enumerated objects only, and leaves to the several States a residuary and inviolable sovereignty over all other objects. It is true that in controversies relating to the boundary between the two jurisdictions, the tribunal which is ultimately to decide, is to be established under the general government. But this does not change the principle of the case. The decision is to be impartially made, according to the rules of the Constitution; and all the usual and most effectual precautions are taken to secure this impartiality. Some such tribunal is clearly essential to prevent an appeal to the sword and a dissolution of the compact; and that it ought to be established under the general rather than under the local governments, or, to speak more properly, that it could be safely established under the first alone, is a position not likely to be combated.

If we try the Constitution by its last relation to the authority by which amendments are to be made, we find it neither wholly NATIONAL nor wholly FEDERAL. Were it wholly national, the supreme and ultimate authority would reside in the MAJORITY of the people of the Union; and this authority would be competent at all times, like that of a majority of every national society, to alter or abolish its established government. Were it wholly federal, on the other hand, the concurrence of each State in the Union would be essential to every alteration that would be binding on all. The mode provided by the plan of the convention is not founded on either of these principles. In requiring more than a majority, and principles. In requiring more than a majority, and particularly in computing the proportion by STATES, not by CITIZENS, it departs from the NATIONAL and advances towards the FEDERAL character; in rendering the concurrence of less than the whole number of States sufficient, it loses again the FEDERAL and partakes of the NATIONAL character.

The proposed Constitution, therefore, is, in strictness, neither a national nor a federal Constitution, but a composition of both. In its foundation it is federal, not national; in the sources from which the ordinary powers of the government are drawn, it is partly federal and partly national; in the operation of these powers, it is national, not federal; in the extent of them, again, it is federal, not national; and, finally, in the authoritative mode of introducing amendments, it is neither wholly federal nor wholly national.

PUBLIUS.
[Federalist Paper #39, James Madison]

Based on Madison’s comments, a “national government” operates upon and derives its authority from individual citizens whereas a “federal government” operates upon and derives its authority from states.  The only place where the central government may operate directly upon the individual through the authority of law is within federal territory.  Hence, when courts use the word “national government”, they are referring to federal territory only and to no part of any state of the Union.  The federal government has no jurisdiction within a state of the Union and therefore cannot operate directly upon the individual there.

“It is no longer open to question that the general government, unlike the states, Hammer v. Dagenhart, 318H247 U.S. 251, 275 , 38 S.Ct. 529, 3 A.L.R. 649, Ann.Cas.1918E 724, possesses no inherent power in respect of the internal affairs of the states; and emphatically not with regard to legislation.“ 
[Carter v. Carter Coal Co.,
319H298 U.S. 238, 56 S.Ct. 855 (1936)]

_______________________________________________________

The rights of life and personal liberty are natural rights of man. ‘To secure these rights,’ says the Declaration of Independence, ‘governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.’ The very highest duty of the States, when they entered into the Union under the Constitution, was to protect all persons within their boundaries in the enjoyment of these ‘unalienable rights with which they were endowed by their Creator.’ Sovereignty, for this purpose, rests alone with the States. It is no more the duty or within the power of the United States to punish for a conspiracy *554 to falsely imprison or murder within a State, than it would be to punish for false imprisonment or murder itself.

The fourteenth amendment prohibits a State from denying to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws; but this provision does not, any more than the one which precedes it, and which we have just considered, add any thing *555 to the rights which one citizen has under the Constitution against another. The equality of the rights of citizens is a principle of republicanism. Every republican government is in duty bound to protect all its citizens in the enjoyment of this principle, if within its power. That duty was originally assumed by the States; and it still remains there. The only obligation resting upon the United States is to see that the States do not deny the right. This the amendment guarantees, but no more. The power of the national government is limited to the enforcement of this guaranty.
[U.S. v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542, 1875 WL 17550 (U.S.,1875)]

These two political/legal jurisdictions, federal territory v. states of the Union, are separate sovereignties, foreign, and “alien” in relation to each other and the Constitution dictates that these two distinct sovereignties  MUST remain separate because of the Separation of Powers Doctrine:

“79. This sovereignty pertains to the people of the United States as national citizens only, and not as citizens of any other government. There cannot be two separate and independent sovereignties within the same limits or jurisdiction; nor can there be two distinct and separate sources of sovereign authority within the same jurisdiction. The right of commanding in the last resort can be possessed only by one body of people inhabiting the same territory,' and can be executed only by those intrusted with the execution of such authority.”
[Treatise on Government, Joel Tiffany, p. 49, Section 78;
SOURCE:
http://famguardian.org/Publications/TreatiseOnGovernment/TreatOnGovt.pdf]

The vast majority of all laws passed by Congress apply to the latter jurisdiction above: the federal zone.  The Internal Revenue Code actually describes the revenue collection “scheme” for these two completely separate political and legal jurisdictions and the table below compares the two.  In the capacity as the “national government”, the I.R.C. in Subtitles A (income tax), B (inheritance tax), and C (employment tax) acts as the equivalent of a state income tax for the municipal government of the District of Columbia only.  In the capacity of the “federal government”, the I.R.C. in subtitle D acts as an excise tax on imports only.  The difference between the “national government” and the “federal/general government” is discussed in section 4.7 of the Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, if you would like to review:

Table 5: Two jurisdictions within the I.R.C.

# Description Legislative jurisdiction
“National government” of the District of Columbia “Federal government” of the states of the Union
1 Constitutional authority for revenue collection Article 1, Section 8, Clause 1 Article 1, Section 8, Clause 17 Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3 
2 Type of jurisdiction exercised Plenary
Exclusive
Subject matter
3 Nature of tax Indirect excise tax upon privileges of federal employment (“public office”) Indirect excise tax on imports only
Excludes exports from states (Constitution 1:9:5)
Excludes commerce exclusively within states
4 Taxable objects Internal to the Federal zone External to the states of the Union
5 Region to which collections apply Federal zone ONLY:  District of Columbia, territories and possessions of the United States The 50 states, harbors, ports of entry for imports
6 Revenue Collection Agency Internal Revenue Service (IRS) U.S. Customs (Dept. of the Treasury)
7 Authority for collection within the Internal Revenue Code Subtitle A:  Income Taxes Subtitle B: Estate and Gift taxes Subtitle C: Employment taxes Subtitle E: Alcohol, Tobacco, and Certain Other Excise Taxes Subtitle D: Miscellaneous Excise Taxes
8 Revenue collection applies to
  1. Federal “employees”, or those engaged in a “public office”.
  2. “U.S. citizens” under 8 U.S.C. 1401  living abroad in receipt of federal payments.
Federal corporations involved in foreign commerce
9 Taxable “activities”
  1. “trade or business”, which is defined as “the functions of a public office” in  26 U.S.C. 7701(a)(26), conducted within the “District of Columbia” which is defined as the “United States” in  26 U.S.C. 7701(a)(9) and (a)(10).
  2. Transfer of property from people who died in the federal zone to their heirs (I.R.C. Subtitle B).
Foreign Commerce under 26 U.S.C. 7001.
10 Revenues pay for Socialism/communism Protection of states of the Union, including military, courts, and jails.
11 Revenue collection functions like Municipal/state government income tax Federal tax on foreign commerce
12 Definition of the term “United States” found in
  1. 26 U.S.C. 7701(a)(9) and (a)(10)
  2. 26 U.S.C. 3121(e)
26 U.S.C. 4612
13 Example “taxes”
  1. W-4 withholding on federal “employees”
  2. Estate taxes
  3. Social security
  4. 4.Medicare
  5. Alcohol, tobacco, and firearms under U.S.C. Title 27
Taxes on imported fuels
14 Applicable tax forms 941, 1040, 1040NR, 1120, W-2, W-4 CF 6084 (customs bill)

The “plenary” jurisdiction described above means exclusive sovereignty which is not shared by any other sovereignty and which is exercised over territorial lands owned by or ceded to the federal government under Article 1, Section 8, Clause 17 of the Constitution.  Here is a cite that helps confirm what we are saying about the “plenary” word above:

"In dealing with the meaning and application of an act of Congress enacted in the exercise of its plenary power under the Constitution to tax income and to grant exemptions from that tax [in its own territories and possessions ONLY but NOT in the states of the Union], it is the will of Congress which controls, and the expression of its will, in the absence of language evidencing a different purpose, should be interpreted 'so as to give a uniform application to a nation-wide scheme of taxation'. Burnet v. Harmel, 287 U.S. 103, 110 , 53 S.Ct. 74, 77 . Congress establishes its own criteria and the state law may control [in federal territories and possessions] only when the federal taxing act by express language or necessary implication makes its operation dependent upon state law. Burnet v. Harmel, supra. See Burk-Waggoner Oil Association v. Hopkins, 269 U.S. 110, 111 , 114 S., 46 S.Ct. 48, 49; Weiss v. Wiener, 279 U.S. 333 ,, 49 S.Ct. 337 ; Morrissey v. Commissioner, 296 U.S. 344, 356, 56 S.Ct. 289, 294 . Compare Crooks v. Harrelson, 282 U.S. 55, 59 , 51 S.Ct. 49, 50 ; Poe v. Seaborn, 282 U.S. 101, 109 ,, 110 S., 51 S.Ct. 58; Blair v. Commissioner, 300 U.S. 5, 9 ,10 S., 57 S.Ct. 330, 331."
[Lyeth v. Hoey, 305 U.S. 188, 59 S. Ct 155 (1938)]

Why is such jurisdiction “plenary” or “exclusive”?  Because all those who file IRS 1040 returns implicitly consent to be treated as “virtual residents” of the District of Columbia, over which Congress has exclusive legislative jurisdiction under Article 1, Section 8, Clause 17  of the Constitution!:

TITLE 26 > Subtitle F > CHAPTER 79 > Sec. 7701.
Sec. 7701. – Definitions

(a)(39) Persons residing outside [the federal] United States

If any citizen or resident of the United States does not reside in (and is not found in) any United States judicial district, such citizen or resident shall be treated as residing in the District of Columbia for purposes of any provision of this title relating to -

(A) jurisdiction of courts, or

(B) enforcement of summons.

Because kidnapping is illegal under 18 U.S.C. 1201, people living in states of the Union subject to the provisions above must be volunteers and must explicitly consent to participate in federal taxation by filling out the WRONG tax form, which is the 1040, and signing it under penalty of perjury.  The IRS Published Products Catalog for 2003, Document 7130  confirms that those who file IRS Form 1040  do indeed declare themselves to be “citizens or residents of the [federal] United States”, which is untrue for the vast majority of Americans:

1040A11327A   Each

U.S. Individual Income Tax Return

Annual income tax return filed by citizens and residents of the United States.  There are separate instructions available for this item.  The catalog number for the instructions is 12088U.

W:CAR:MP:FP:F:I Tax Form or Instructions

[IRS Published Products Catalog, Year 2003, p. F-15]

It is also worth noting that the term “individual” as used above is NOWHERE defined in the Internal Revenue Code and that the ONLY definition we have found describes ONLY federal “employees”, in 5 U.S.C. 552a(a)(2).  This is further exhaustively analyzed in the fascinating memorandum of law below to conclude that the main “taxpayers” under Internal Revenue Code, Subtitle A are all “public officers” who work for or are instrumentalities of the national and not federal government:

Why Your Government is Either a Thief or You are a “Public Officer” for Income Tax Purposes, Form #05.008
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm

If American Nationals domiciled in the states of the Union would learn to file with their correct status using the form 1040NR as “nationals” and “nonresident aliens”, then most Americans wouldn’t owe anything under the provisions of 26 U.S.C. 871!  The U.S. Congress and their IRS henchmen have become “sheep poachers”, where you, a person living in state of the Union and outside of federal legislative jurisdiction, are the “sheep”.  They are “legally kidnapping” people away from the Constitutional protections of their domicile within states using deceptive forms so that they volunteer into exclusive federal jurisdiction.

Notice the use of the term “nation-wide” in the Lyeth case above, which we now know means the “national government” in the context of its jurisdiction over federal territories, possessions, and the District of Columbia and which excludes states of the Union.  They are just reiterating that federal jurisdiction over the federal zone is “exclusive” and “plenary” and that state law only applies where Congress consents to delegate authority, under the rules of “comity”, to the state relating to taxing matters over federal areas within the exterior limits of a state.

“comity.  Courtesy; complaisance; respect; a willingness to grant a privilege, not as a matter of right, but out of deference and good will.  Recognition that one sovereignty allows within its territory to the legislative, executive, or judicial act of another sovereignty, having due regard to rights of its own citizens.  Nowell v. Nowell, Tex.Civ.App., 408 S.W.2d 550, 553.  In general, principle of "comity" is that courts of one state or jurisdiction will give effect to laws and judicial decisions of another state or jurisdiction, not as a matter of obligation, but out of deference and mutual respect.  Brown v. Babbitt Ford, Inc., 117 Ariz. 192, 571 P.2d 689, 695 .  See also Full faith and credit clause.” 
[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 267]

An example of this kind of “comity” is the Buck Act, 4 U.S.C. 110-113 , in which 4 U.S.C. 106  delegates authority to federal territories and possessions, but not states of the Union, to tax areas within their boundaries subject to exclusive federal jurisdiction.  That jurisdiction then is mentioned in the context of 5 U.S.C. 5517 as applying ONLY to federal “employees”.

The above table is confirmed by the Supreme Court in the case of Downes v. Bidwell, which said on the subjects covered by the table:

“Loughborough v. Blake, 5 Wheat. 317, 5 L. ed. 98, was an action of trespass or, as appears by the original record, replevin, brought in the circuit court for the District of Columbia to try the right of Congress to impose a direct tax for general purposes on that District. 3 Stat. at L. 216, chap. 60. It was insisted that Congress could act in a double capacity: in one as legislating [182 U.S. 244, 260] for the states; in the other as a local legislature for the District of Columbia. In the latter character, it was admitted that the power of levying direct taxes might be exercised, but for District purposes only, as a state legislature might tax for state purposes; but that it could not legislate for the District under art. 1, 8, giving to Congress the power 'to lay and collect taxes, imposts, and excises,' which 'shall be uniform throughout the United States,' inasmuch as the District was no part of the United States [described in the Constitution]. It was held that the grant of this power was a general one without limitation as to place, and consequently extended to all places over which the government extends; and that it extended to the District of Columbia as a constituent part of the United States. The fact that art. 1 , 2, declares that 'representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states . . . according to their respective numbers' furnished a standard by which taxes were apportioned, but not to exempt any part of the country from their operation. 'The words used do not mean that direct taxes shall be imposed on states only which are represented, or shall be apportioned to representatives; but that direct taxation, in its application to states, shall be apportioned to numbers.' That art. 1, 9, 4, declaring that direct taxes shall be laid in proportion to the census, was applicable to the District of Columbia, 'and will enable Congress to apportion on it its just and equal share of the burden, with the same accuracy as on the respective states. If the tax be laid in this proportion, it is within the very words of the restriction. It is a tax in proportion to the census or enumeration referred to.' It was further held that the words of the 9th section did not 'in terms require that the system of direct taxation, when resorted to, shall be extended to the territories, as the words of the 2d section require that it shall be extended to all the states. They therefore may, without violence, be understood to give a rule when the territories shall be taxed, without imposing the necessity of taxing them.'”

There could be no doubt as to the correctness of this conclusion, so far, at least, as it applied to the District of Columbia. This District had been a part of the states of Maryland and [182 U.S. 244, 261] Virginia. It had been subject to the Constitution, and was a part of the United States[***]. The Constitution had attached to it irrevocably. There are steps which can never be taken backward. The tie that bound the states of Maryland and Virginia to the Constitution could not be dissolved, without at least the consent of the Federal and state governments to a formal separation. The mere cession of the District of Columbia to the Federal government relinquished the authority of the states, but it did not take it out of the United States or from under the aegis of the Constitution. Neither party had ever consented to that construction of the cession. If, before the District was set off, Congress had passed an unconstitutional act affecting its inhabitants, it would have been void. If done after the District was created, it would have been equally void; in other words, Congress could not do indirectly, by carving out the District, what it could not do directly. The District still remained a part of the United States, protected by the Constitution. Indeed, it would have been a fanciful construction to hold that territory which had been once a part of the United States ceased to be such by being ceded directly to the Federal government.”

[. . .]

“Indeed, the practical interpretation put by Congress upon the Constitution has been long continued and uniform to the effect [182 U.S. 244, 279] that the Constitution is applicable to territories acquired by purchase or conquest, only when and so far as Congress shall so direct. Notwithstanding its duty to 'guarantee to every state in this Union a republican form of government' (art. 4, 4), by which we understand, according to the definition of Webster, 'a government in which the supreme power resides in the whole body of the people, and is exercised by representatives elected by them,' Congress did not hesitate, in the original organization of the territories of Louisiana, Florida, the Northwest Territory, and its subdivisions of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, and Wisconsin and still more recently in the case of Alaska, to establish a form of government bearing a much greater analogy to a British Crown colony than a republican state of America, and to vest the legislative power either in a governor and council, or a governor and judges, to be appointed by the President. It was not until they had attained a certain population that power was given them to organize a legislature by vote of the people. In all these cases, as well as in territories subsequently organized west of the Mississippi, Congress thought it necessary either to extend to Constitution and laws of the United States over them, or to declare that the inhabitants should be entitled to enjoy the right of trial by jury, of bail, and of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, as well as other privileges of the bill of rights.”
[Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901)]

We will now compare these two jurisdictions in all major aspects:

Table 1:  Two Political Jurisdictions within our Country

TWO POLITICAL JURISDICTIONS WITHIN OUR COUNTRY

Characteristic "National government" "Federal/general government"
Also called United States” the Corporation "United States of America"
Geographical territory Federal zone 50 states of the Union
Citizenship STATUTORY “U.S. citizen” (Chattel Property of the government) are belligerents in the field and are “subject to its jurisdiction” (Washington, D.C.)

14th Amendment citizens, implemented by the Civil Rights Act of 1866 for the newly freed slaves (are now the slaves of the corporate government plantation)

(See 8 U.S.C. 1401(a) at http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/8/1401.html)
  1. CONSTITUTIONAL  "citizen of the United States", where "united States" means states of the Union and excludes federal territory.
  2. national”  is “sovereign”, “Freemen”, and “Freeborn”.  Unless that right is given up knowingly, intentionally, and voluntarily.

    “National of the United States of America”.  NOT a "U.S. national" or "national of the United States" per 8 U.S.C. 1408 or 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)(B).

    (see 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(21) at http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/8/1101.html)

See Why You are a "national", "state national", and Constitutional but not Statutory Citizen

God that is worshipped:  See Matt. 6:24 Mammon/man/government (Satan)
Idolatry
One nation under “fraud”
God
One nation under “God"
Freedom and liberty Counterfeit, man-made freedom.

Freedom granted not by God, but by the government.

"Can the liberties of a nation be thought secure when we have removed their only firm basis, a conviction in the minds of the people that these liberties are of the gift of God? That they are not to be violated but with His wrath?"
[Thomas Jefferson: Notes on Virginia Q.XVIII, 1782. ME 2:227]

Liberty direct from God Himself:

"Where the spirit of the Lord is, there is Liberty."
[2 Corinthians 3:17 (Bible)]
Religious foundation This government/state is god.  It sets the morals and values of those in its jurisdiction.  These value are ever changing at their whim.

Sovereign Americans are created by God and are answerable to their Maker who is Omnipotent.  The Bible is the Basis of all Law and moral standards.  In 1820, the USA government purchased 20,000 bibles for distribution.

Sovereign to whom citizens owe “allegiance” Government:
“Allegiance.  Obligation of fidelity and obedience to government in consideration for protection that government gives.  U.S. v. Kyh, D.C.N.Y., 49 F.Supp 407, 414.  See also Oath of allegiance or loyalty.”
[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 74]
“state”, which is the collection of individual sovereigns within a republican form of government.  The People, as individuals, are the "sovereigns":
"The people of this State, as the successors of its former sovereign, are entitled to all the rights which formerly belonged to the King by his prerogative. Through the medium of their Legislature they may exercise all the powers which previous to the Revolution could have been exercised either by the King alone, or by him in conjunction with his Parliament; subject only to those restrictions which have been imposed by the Constitution of this State or of the U.S."
[Lansing v. Smith, 21 D. 89., 4 Wendel 9 (1829) (New York)]
Source of law “The state”, which is mob rule living under a democracy rather than a republic.
"You shall not follow a crowd to do evil; nor shall you testify in a dispute so as to turn aside after many to pervert justice.”
[Exodus 23:2, Bible, NKJV]

God, as revealed in the Bible/ten commandments. The sovereign People as individuals, to the extent that they are implementing God’s law, and within the limits prescribed by the Bill of Rights and the Equal rights of others.

(See book The Institutes of Biblical Institutes of Law, by Rousas Rushdoony)

Purpose of law Protect rulers in government from the irate “serfs” and tax “slaves” that they govern and from the inevitable consequences of their tyranny and abuse Protect sovereign people from tyranny in government and from hurting each other
Political hierarchy
(lower number has higher precedence)
  1. Ruler/king (supersedes God)
  2. Legislature
  3. Laws
  4. Subjects/citizens (slaves/serfs of the state)
NO GOD.  Atheist or anti-spiritual (remove prayer from schools, because belief in God threatens government authority).
  1. God
  2. World
  3. Man
  4. “We the people”
  5. Grand jury, Elections, Trial jury
  6. U.S. Constitution
  7. Human government & organized church
Political system Municipal corporation
Totalitarian Socialist democracy

Socialism1.  any of various economic and political theories advocating collective or governmental ownership and administration of the means of production and distribution of goods. 2 a:  a system of society or group living in which there is no private property b:  a system or condition of society in which the means of production are owned and controlled by the state 3: a stage of society in Marxist theory transitional between capitalism and communism and distinguished by unequal distribution of goods and pay according to work done.” [Merriam Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary, ISBN 0-97779-508-8, 1983]

Democracy has never been and never can be so desirable as aristocracy or monarchy, but while it lasts, is more bloody than either. Remember, democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. There never was a democracy that never did commit suicide." [John Adams, 1815]

Republic
Republic:  A commonwealth; that form of government which the administration of affairs is open to all the citizens.  In another sense, it signifies the state, independently of its form of government.”
[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, page 1302]

Commonwealth:  The public or common weal or welfare… It generally designates, when so employed, a republican frame of government, one in which the welfare and rights of the entire mass of people are the main consideration, rather than the privileges of a class or the will of a monarch; or it may designate the body of citizens living under such a government.”
[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, page 278]

Status U.S. continues to be in a permanent state of national emergency since March 9, 1933, and possible as far back as the Civil War.  See Senate report 93-549. No state of Emergency and is not at war.
Pledge "I pledge allegiance to the IRS, and to the tyrannical totalitarian oligarchy for which is stands.  One nation, under fraud, indivisible, with slavery, injustice, and atheism for all." “I pledge allegiance to the united states of America, and to the Republic for which is stands, one nation, under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
Form of government De facto (unlawful)
(See our article entitled "How Scoundrels Corrupted Our Republican Form of Government" for details on how our government was rendered unlawful)
De jure (lawful)
Constitution Constitution of the “United States” (See http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress) Constitution of the “United States of America”
(See http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress)
Creator Merchants, bankers through President Lincoln and his Cohorts by act of treason.  This martial law government is a fiction managing civil affairs Created by God and Sovereign Americans acting under His delegated authority (see Gen. 1:26 and Gen. 2:15-17 in the Bible)
Origins Gettysburg Address in 1864 and the Incorporation of District of Columbia by Act of February 21, 1871 under the Emergency War Powers Act and the Reconstruction Act Started with the Declaration of Independence n 1776, Articles of Confederation in 1778, and the Constitution in 1787
Existence Still existing as long as:
  1. “state of war” or “emergency” exists.
  2. The President does not terminate “martial” or “emergency” powers by Executive Order or decree, or
  3. The people do not resist submission and terminate by restoring lawful civil courts, processes and procedures under authority of the “inherent political powers” of the people.
Adjournment of Congress sine die occurred in 1861
Governing body The President (Caesar) rules by Executive Order (Unconstitutional).

Congress and the Courts are under the President as branches of the Executive Department.

Congress sits by resolution not by positive law.

The Judges are actually administrative referees and cannot rule on rights.

"We the People", who rule themselves through their servant elected representatives.  See Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, in which he said: “A government of the people, for the people, and by the people

Three separate Departments for the servants:

  1. Executive.
  2. Legislative-can enact positive law.
  3. Judicial
Implications of citizenship Statutory "U.S. citizens" were declared enemies of the U.S. by F.D.R. by Executive Order No. 2040 and ratified by Congress on March 9, 1933. 

FDR changed the meaning of The Trading with the Enemy Act of December 6, 1917 by changing the word "without" to citizens "within" the United States

"nationals" per 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(21) and 8 U.S.C. 1452 are Sovereign Americans who supersede the U.S.  Government is the enemy of liberty and should be kept as small as practical.
“Government big enough to supply everything you need is big enough to take everything you have.   The course of history shows that as a government grows, liberty decreases.”
[Thomas Jefferson]
Jurisdiction Expands and conquers by deceit and fraud.  Uses “words of art” to deceive the people. Restricted by the Constitution to the 10 mile square area called Washington D.C., U.S. possessions, such as Puerto Rico, Guam, and its enclaves for forts and arsenals.
Civic duties-qualifications for Must be a “citizen of the United States” to vote or serve jury duty Must clarify citizenship when registering to vote and serving jury duty.  In some states, cannot vote or serve jury duty
Vote Is recommendation only. Counts like one of the Board of Directors.
Rights and privileges

Inalienable rights.

Rights from the corporate government.

Statutory taxable “privileges”

“Invisible contract” with federal government to “buy” (bribe into existence) these statutory privileges through taxes.

See 48 U.S.C. 1421b:  Statutory Bill of Rights.
“The privileges and immunities clause of the 14th Amendment protects very few rights because it neither incorporates the Bill of Rights nor protects all rights of individual citizens. Instead, this provision protects only those rights peculiar to being a citizen of the federal government; it does not protect those rights which relate to state citizenship.”
[Jones v. Temmer 829 F. Supp. 1226 (Emphasis added.)]
Unalienable Rights.
Rights from God.
Constitutional rights-cannot be taxed
Value of the individual Bond Servant

To cover the debt in 1933 and future debt, the corporate government determined and established the value of the future labor of each individual in its jurisdiction to be $630,000. A bond of $630,000 is set on each Certificate of Live Birth. The certificates are bundled together into sets and then placed as securities on the open market. These certificates are then purchased by the Federal Reserve and/or foreign bankers. The purchaser is the "holder" of "Title." This process made each and every person in this jurisdiction a bond servant.

Freeborn
Freeman
Freeholder
Sovereign
"We the people..."
Welfare/social security YES: Socialism-allowed and encouraged NO: Not allowed.  Everyone takes care of themselves

FAMILY

Purpose of sex Recreation and sin.  When children result from such sin, then abortion (murder) frees sexual perverts and fornicators from the consequences of or liability for such sin and maintains their quality of life.  Permissiveness by government of abortion becomes a license to sin without consequence.

Procreation.

Gen. 1:22: "And God blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth."

Psalm 127: 4-5:  “Like arrows in the hand of a warrior, So are the children of one's youth. Happy is the man who has his quiver full of them; They shall not be ashamed, But shall speak with their enemies in the gate.

Pur mpose ofarriage

An extension of the “welfare state” that financially enslaves men to the state and their wives and thereby undermines male sovereignty in the family.

Prov. 31:3 says:  “Do not give your strength [or sovereignty]  to women, nor your ways to that which destroys kings.
To make families self-governing by creating a chain of authority within them (see Eph. 5:22-24).  Honor God and produce godly offspring. (Malachi 2:15)
Birth certificate Birth Certificate when the baby's footprint is placed thereon before it touches the land. The certificate is recorded at a County Recorder, then sent to a Secretary of State which sends it to the Bureau of Census of the Commerce Department. This process converts a man's life, labor, and property to an asset of the US government when this person receives a benefit from the government such as a drivers license, food stamps, free mail delivery, etc. This person becomes a fictional persona in commerce. The Birth Certificate is an unrevealed "Trust Instrument" originally designed for the children of the newly freed black slaves after the 14th Amendment. The US has the ability to tax and regulate commerce EVERYWHERE.
Education of young Public schooling (brain washing of the young).  School vouchers not allowed.  This is a central plank in the Communist Manifesto.  Purpose is to create better state "serfs". Private schooling and school vouchers.  Prayer permitted in schools.

STATES

The word “State” In U.S. Titles and Codes "State" refers to U.S. possessions such as Puerto Rico, Guam, etc. "state" when used by itself refers to the "Republics" of The united states of America
State governments Politicians of each state formed a new government and incorporated it into the federal US government corporation and are therefore under its jurisdiction.
e.g. "State of California"
corporate California
California State
All of the states are "Republics"
e.g. "The Republic of California"
"California republic"
"California state"
or just "California"
Origins of the states The corporate States are controlled by the corporate US government by its purse strings such as grants, funding, matching funds, revenue sharing, disaster relief, etc.

The citizens of such States are "subjects" and are called "Residents"
Sovereign Americans created the states (Republics) and are Sovereign over the states.

The Republics and the people created the USA government and are sovereign over the USA government.
State constitution The original constitution was revised and adopted by the corporate State of California on May 7, 1879
It has been revised many times hence.
California was admitted into the union as a Republic on September 9, 1850. The people created the original state constitution to give the government limited powers and to act on behalf of, and for the people.
Called The "Organic" state constitution.
Rights of citizens in state A one word change in the original State (California) constitution from "unalienable" to "inalienable" made rights into privileges
"Inalienable" means government given rights. "Unalienable" means God given rights.
Adjournment sine die occurred in California in April 27, 1863
JUSTICE SYSTEM
Judicial function Judicial Branch under the President Judicial Department
Separation of powers It is not separate, but is an arm of the legislature Separate from all other Departments
Purpose of federal courts Maximize power and control and revenues of federal government Protect the Constitutional rights of persons domiciled in states of the Union
Constitutional authority for federal courts Article I, II, and IV
("U.S. District Courts" and "Tax Court")
Article III
("district courts of the United States" in the District of Columbia, Hawaii, and the Court of Claims)
Venue federal (feudal) venue judicial venue
Courts Corporate Administrative Arbitration Boards
Consisting of an Arbitrator (so-called "Judge") and a panel of corporate employees (so-called "Juries")
Panel decisions (recommendation)
can be reversed by the Arbitrator
Constitutional Judicial Courts
with real Judges and
real Juries who can judge the law
as well as the facts
Jury decisions cannot be reversed by the judge
Type of courts Equity Courts, Municipal Courts--Merchant Law, Military Law, Marshall Law, Summary Court Martial proceedings, and administrative ad hock tribunals (similar to Admiralty/Maritime) now governed by "The Manual of Courts Martial (under Acts of War) and the War Powers Act of 1933. Common Law Court(s)
Trials All legal actions are pursued under the "color of law"

Color of law means "appears to be" law, but is not
The 7th Amendment guarantees a trial by jury according to the rules of the common law when the value in controversy exceeds $20
Requirements of law Covers a vast number of volumes of text that even attorneys can't absorb or comprehend such as:
  1. Regulations
  2. Codes
  3. Rules
  4. Statutes
Prior to bankruptcy of 1933 "Public Law"

Now the so-called courts administer "Public Policy" through the "Uniform Commercial Code" (instituted in 1967)

Common Law
Has two requirements:
  1. Do not Offend Anyone
  2. Honor all contracts
Basis of judicial decisions No stare decisis

Means no precedent binds any court, because they have no law standard of absolute right and wrong by which to measure a ruling—what is legal today may not be legal tomorrow.   So-called "court decisions" are administrative opinions only and are basically decided on the basis of  "What is best for the corporate government."
Constitution
Supreme Law of the land restricting governments.

The "organic" Constitution and its amendments are created by the Sovereign living souls (We the people...") to institute, restrict, and restrain a limited government.
Nature of acts regulated Legal or Illegal Lawful or Unlawful
Lingo "at Law"
"Attorney at law"
"in-law"
(i.e. "Son-in-law" or a "covenant in law")
Legal Counsel Attorney
an "Esquire" (British nobility)

Attorney-at-law (licensed agents of the corporate administrative courts and tribunals in the US for the Crown of England)

Attorneys swear an oath to uphold the
"BAR ASSOCIATION".

The first letter of B.A.R stands for "British".

(British Accreditation Regency)
The BAR was First organized in Mississippi in 1825. The "integrated bar" movement, meaning "the condition precedent to the right to practice law," was initiated in the US in 1914 by the American Jurisprudence Society.
[Black's Law Dictionary, 4th edition ]

Counsel or "Counselor in-Law"(Lawyer)
Claims "Charge" or "Complaint" (administrative jurisdiction) "Claim" (equity/common law jurisdiction)
Plaintiff/damaged party. Compels performance 
No damaged party is necessary.
Must have damaged party
Court proceeding "Public" "Private
Rights under justice system No rights except statutory Civil Rights granted by Congress.
Restricts freedoms and liberties.
Maintains rights, freedoms, and liberties
Role of courts Statutory "US citizens" are at the mercy of government and the administrative courts and tribunals

Servants (subjects/ bond-servants) cannot sue the Master (Corporate government).
Unalienable rights, fundamental rights, substantial rights and other rights of living souls are all protected by The Law and protected by The "organic" Constitution and its amendments.
Bill of rights The actual "Bill of Rights" was a declaration in 1689 by King William and Queen Mary to their loyal subjects of the British crown.  If you are in this jurisdiction,  you are a subject of the crown as well? The first ten articles of amendment to the constitution  are sometimes referred to as "Bill of Rights" which is incorrect.  They are not a "Bill" but are simply amendments.
Due process Due Process is optional--Sometimes Gestapo-like tactics without reservation. Due Process is required
Writ of habeas corpus
Innocence before the law Guilty until proven innocent Innocent until proven guilty
Juries The juror judges only the facts and not the law--The judge gives the statute, regulation, code, rule, etc.  Juries selected ONLY from within the federal zone Jurors judge the law as well as the facts.  Juries selected ONLY from within states of the Union and NOT the federal zone.
DEBT
Bankruptcy First bankruptcy was in 1863
In 1865 the total debt was $2,682,593,026.53
A portion was funded by 1040 Bonds to run not less than 10 nor more than 40 years at an interest rate of 6%.
Members of Congress are the official Trustees in the bankruptcy of the US and the re-organization
None
Income tax revenues necessary to pay debt "All individual Income Tax revenues are gone before one nickel is spent on services taxpayers expect from government"
[Ronald Reagan, 1984 Grace Commission Report]
Wouldn't it be nice to be completely out of debt, personally, and have a stash of gold and silver besides?
TAXATION
Federal income taxes
  1. llegally enforced.  Government lies to citizens to steal their money.  Corruption in the court.
  2. States destroy personal liberties to get their share of federal matching funds.  Example:  Requirement to provide SSN to get a state driver’s license.
Federal government has very limited income from only taxing foreign imports into states.  Can’t twist state’s arm to destroy civic rights because it has so little income it won’t give it away.
State income taxes Treated as a “nonresident” of your state living on federal property(See, for example: http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/displaycode?
section=rtc&group=17001-18000&file=17001-17039.1
and look at 17016 and 17018 off the California website at http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/calawquery?
codesection=rtc&codebody=&hits=20)
Treated as a resident of your state and not taxed because it would violate the Bill of Rights and 1:9:4 and 1:2:3 of the U.S. Constitution.
Personal Income tax rates (State plus Federal) High:  50-70% because working is a “privilege” and because it is a "privilege" to be part of the "commune". None: Working is a “right”
LLimits No limit on taxation Limits on taxation
Purpose of Taxation

1.  Wealth redistribution (socialism) and to appease the whims of the democratic majority in spiteful disregard of the Bill of Rights.

2.  Stabilize fiat currency system
Support only the government and not the people in any way.  See Loan Assoc. v. Topeka, 87 U.S. (20 Wall.) 655 (1874)
IIncome taxes Income taxes are legal and ever increasing Direct taxes such as "Income taxes"
aare unlawful
Indirect taxes Other taxation's such as inheritance taxes are legal Indirect taxes such as
eexcise tax and import duties are lawful
IRS IRS's 1040 forms originated from the 1040 Bonds used for funding Lincoln's War

1863, first year income tax was ever used in history of US

The IRS is a collection arm of the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve was created by the Bank of England in 1913 and is owned by foreign investors. The IRS is not listed as a government agency like other government agencies.
No IRS
FLAG
FFlag Gold Fringed Flag with Eagle atop pole
Not
an American flag

Some say it is a flag of Admiralty/Maritime type jurisdiction and is not suppose to be used on Land. Others say it’s not a flag at all, but fiction. However, the gold fringe which surrounds the flag gives notice that it is a MILITARY flag.  Any courtroom that displays this flag behind the judge is a military courtroom.  You are under military law and not constitutional law, common law, civil law, or statute law.

USvUSA3
American Flag

plain and simple--no gold fringe or other ornaments and symbolism attached
Requirements for flags Appears to be an "American flag" but has one or more of the following:

1. Gold fringe along its borders (called "a badge")

2. Gold braided cord (tassel) hanging from pole

3. Ball on top of pole (last cannon ball fired)

4. Eagle on top of pole

5. Spear on top of pole

Yellow fringed flag  is not described in Title 4 of USC. Executive Order No 10834 indicates that a yellow fringed flag is a military flag.

Prior to the 1950's, state republic flags were mostly flown, but when a USA flag was flown it was one of the following:

1.  Military flag---Horizontal stripes, white stars on blue background**

2.   Peace flag--vertical stripes, blue stars on white background--last flown before Civil War**


**Has no fringe, braid (tassel), eagle, ball, spear, etc.
(Although the codes do not apply here, the USA Military flag is described in Title 4 of USC)

The continental USA is at peace

BENEFITS

Benefits Inalienable rights

Government given rights
that are really Privileges.
Can be taken away at any time So-called Benefits are as follows:
  1. Social Security (You paid all your working life and there are no guarantees  that there will be money for you)
  2. Medicare
  3. Medicaid
  4. Grants
  5. Grants
  6. Disaster relief
  7. Food Stamps
  8. Licenses and Registration (Permission)
  9. Privileges only, no Rights
  10. Experimentation on citizens without their consent.

Corporate government steals your money and gets credit for helping others with it. Politicians in return create more such programs to get more votes. Eventually there is no more to collect and give. Everyone becomes takers and there are no givers.  The government then collapses within.  That is why democracy never survives, because the looters eventually outnumber the producers.

Unalienable rights
God given rights

"...incapable [emphasis added] of being aliened, that is, sold and transferred."
[Black's Law Dictionary, Revised Fourth Edition, 1968, page 1693]

 Enjoy:
  1. Life
  2. Liberty
  3. pursuit of Happiness
  4. full property ownership.

 No US benefits--Every living soul is responsible for themselves and has the option of helping others.

 

Each living soul gives accordingly to help others in need and receives the credit or gives the credit to his Maker and Provider.

 

No tax burdens or government debt obligations.

RECORDS

Location of records

County Clerk

Recorders Office

Created by statute to keep track of the corporate government's holdings which are applied as collateral to the increasing debt. The written records are a continuation of the "Doomsday Book" which keeps track of the Crown of England's holdings. The "Doomsday Book" originated as a written record of the conquered holdings of king William, which was later the basis of his taxes and grants.

Property recorded at the recorders office makes the corporate defacto government "holders in due course"

Your TV is not recorded there, therefore you are "holder in due course" for the TV.

Ex-officio clerks

County Clerk is also Clerk of the superior court, (i.e. a court of common law)) and courts of record Records are also kept by Citizens such as in a family Bible
Birth certificate "Birth Certificate" is required. It puts one into commerce as a fictional persona Record the date family members are born married, and the date they pass on in the Family Bible
Marriage Must file a "Marriage License". The Corporate State becomes the third party to your union and whatever you conceive is theirs and becomes their property in commerce. Common Law Marriage
Married by a minister or living together for more than 7 years constitutes a marriage

Pastor may issue a Certificate of Matrimony

PROPERTY

Property Privilege to use
  1. Fee title--Feudal Title
  2. Grant Deed and Trust Deed Note: GRANTOR and GRANTEE in all caps are fictional persona
  3. Property tax (Must pay)
  4. Other taxes (such as water district taxes)
  5. Subject to control by government
  6. Vehicle Registration
    (The incorporated State owns vehicles on behalf of US)
  7. Property and vehicles are collateral for the government debt
Full and complete ownership
  1. Allodial Title--Land Patents--Allodial Freeholder
  2. Can not be taxed (Only voluntary)
  3. You are king of your castle
  4. No government intrusion, involvement, or controls

MONEY

 Substance Has no substance--Built on credit Has substance
 Controller of value Controlled by US Treasury Controlled by
Treasury of the united States of America
Money symbol Phony/Fiat Money
All computer programs are designed with the “$” having only one line through it
Real Money

Most of us were taught to write the "S" with two lines through it. The two lines was a derivative of the "U" inside the "S" signifying real US currency based on the American silver dollar and gold-backed currency.

Legal tender
  1. Federal Reserve Notes (FRN's)***
  2. Bonds
  3. Other Notes--evidences of debt
  4. Cashless society--Electronic banking
***Issued by the Federal Reserve Bank (FRB)--A private corporation created by the Bank of England in 1913 and is owned by foreign bankers/investors The Federal Reserve is a continuation of the "Exchequer" of the Crown of England.

Silver coins* (Silver dollar--standard unit of value)

Gold Coins*

Paper currency redeemable in gold or silver*

Spanish milled dollar

*Issued by the Treasury Department of the USA (A Republic).
Minting of money The government must borrow before FRN's are printed. The FRB pays 2 per FRN note printed whether $1 or $1000. The US in-turn pays FRB interest indefinitely for each outstanding note or representation of a note. With electronic banking FRN's are created out of nothing and nothing being printed. What a deal! Coinage started in 1783. The first paper currency was issued in 1862. "Silver Certificates" last printed in 1957. Coinage of Silver coins for circulation ended with the 1964 coins. Redemption of "Silver Certificates" ended on June 24, 1968.
History The Greenback Act was revoked and replaced with the National Banking Act in 1863. An Act passed on April 12, 1866 authorized the sale of bonds to retire currency called greenbacks.

FRN's (Federal Reserve Notes) were first issued in 1914.

Just prior to the Stock Market crash of 1929, millions of dollars of gold was taken out of this Country and transferred to England.
Constitution made all currency gold and silver.

ROADWAYS

Use of roadways Drivers Licenses are required, because driving is a privilege. Sovereigns have a right to use the public ways.
Driving “privileges” May lose privilege or have it suspended at the whim of government "Liberty of the common way"
Driver’s licenses Must comply with the Department of Motor Vehicles, the Vehicle Code, which is ever changing, and the Highway Patrol.Even a "Class 3" Driver's license is a "commercial" license. A "Driver" is one who does commercial business on the highways No "Driver's License" is required for private, personal, and recreational use of the roadways.

A "driver's license" can only be required for those individuals or businesses operating a business within the rights-of-ways such as Taxi Drivers, Truck Drivers, Bus Drivers, Chauffeurs, etc.
Definition of “Vehicle” "Vehicle"--automobile or truck doing business on the highway "Car"--short for "carriage" such as "horseless carriage" for private use
“Passenger” "Passenger"--A paying customer who wants to be transported to another location "Guest"--One who comes along for pleasure or private reasons without cost
Movement "Drive"--The act of commercial use of the right-of-way "Travel"--The act of private, personal, and recreational use of the roadways
MAIL
Types of mail Domestic
Mail that moves between D.C., possessions and territories of the U.S.
Non-domestic
Mail that moves outside of D.C. its possessions and territories
Zip codes Zip Codes are required
when using "jurisdictional regions or zones" such as "CA", NV, AZ, etc.
Zip Code not required and should not be used.
Cost of stamp Cost is 34 cents for first class 3 cents--Sovereign to Sovereign
Otherwise 34 cents
Designation of regions Must now use "jurisdictional regions or zones" such as "CA", NV, AZ, etc. Purposely used ad nauseum which means "no name at all" Write out the state completely such as "California" or abbreviated "Calif.". Never use "CA" for an address to a Sovereign or in your return address.
GUNS

Philosophy on gun ownership

This government wants to disarm the Citizens so as to have complete control and power. Every tyrannical government in the past has taken away the guns to prevent any serious opposition or rebellion. History continues to repeat itself because the new generations who come along don't know or tend to forget about the past and will say it will not happen here.

Sovereign Americans have a right to own and use guns--"Right to bear arms" against "enemies foreign and domestic".

The founding fathers knew the importance of protecting themselves from governments who get out of hand.

Legal constraints on gun ownership

Disregards the 2nd Amendment or justifies what weapons should not be legal. Ever changing and ever restrictive.

Requires registration of guns.

If any of you saw the motion picture called "Red Dawn" would realize that the enemy finds these lists and then goes door to door collecting all of the guns.

2nd Amendment

Protects the Right of the people to keep and bear arms.

RELIGION
Relationship between church and state

This government wants to control the churches by having them come under their jurisdiction as corporations under Section 501(c)(3).

This is to prevent the clergy, Pastors, Ministers, etc. from having any political influence on its members or the public in general. This government regulates what is to be said and not to be said.

These churches also display the gold fringe flag.

Their faith is in the government and not in God. They exist by permission of this government not by God alone.

  USvUSA3.gif

They signed away their Birthright for a so-called benefit:

 "Tax-exempt corporation".

Churches exist alone.
No permission of government required.


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1st Amendment

Protects against government making a law that would respect an establishment of religion or prohibit the free exercise of a religion.