CITES BY TOPIC:  justice
Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 864:

Justice, n.  Title given to judges, particularly judges of U.S. and state supreme courts, and as well to judges of appellate courts.  The U.S. Supreme Court, and most state supreme courts are composed of a chief justice and several associate justices.

Proper administration of laws.  In jurisprudence, the constant and perpetual disposition of legal matters or disputes to render every man his due.

Commutative justice concerns obligations as between persons (e.g., in exchange of goods) and requires proportionate equality in dealings of person to person; Distributive justice concerns obligations of the community to the individual, and requires fair disbursement of common advantages and sharing of common burdens; Social justice concerns obligations of individual to community and its end is the common good.

In Feudal law, jurisdiction; judicial cognizance of causes or offenses.  High justice was the jurisdiction or right of trying crimes of every kind, even the highest.  This was a privilege claimed and exercised by the great lords or barons of the middle ages.  Law justice was jurisdiction of petty offenses. 

See also Miscarriage of justice; Obstructing justice.

[Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 864]


Readings on the History and System of Common Law, Second Edition, 1925, Roscoe Pound

The object of Law is the administration of justice. Law is a body of rule for the systematic and regular public administration of justice. Hence we may ask, at the outset, what is justice?

INSTITUTES OF JUSTINIAN, I, I, sees. 1, 3.

Justice is the set and constant purpose which gives to every man his due. The precepts of law are these: to live honorably, to injure no one, and to" give every man his due.

[Readings on the History and System of Common Law, Second Edition, 1925, Roscoe Pound, p. 1]


PAULSEN, ETHICS (Thilly's translation), chap. 9.

Justice, as a moral habit, is that tendency of the will and mode of conduct which refrains from disturbing the lives and interests of others, and, as far as possible, hinders such interference on the part of others. This virtue springs from the individual's respect for his fellows as ends in themselves and as his co equals. The different spheres of interests may be roughly classified as follows: body and life; the family, or the extended individual life; property, or the totality of the instruments of action; honor, or the ideal existence; and finally freedom, or the possibility of fashioning one's life as an end in itself. The law defends these different spheres, thus giving rise to a corresponding number of spheres of rights, each being protected by a prohibition. . . . To violate the rights, to interfere with the interests of others, is injustice. All injustice is ultimately directed against the life of the neighbor; it is an open avowal that the latter is not an end in itself, having the same value as the individual's own life. The general formula of the duty of justice may therefore be stated as follows: Do no wrong yourself, and permit no wrong to be done, so far as lies in your power; or, expressed positively: Respect and protect the right.

[Readings on the History and System of Common Law, Second Edition, 1925, Roscoe Pound, p. 2]


Justice Defined-Politics page


Bouvier's Law Dictionary (1856)

JUSTICE - The constant and perpetual disposition to render every man his due. Justinian, Inst. b. 1, tit. 1; Co. 2d Inst. 56.


Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1996

Justiceis rendering to every one [equally, whether citizen or alien] that which is his due. It has been distinguished from equity in this respect, that while justice means merely the doing [of] what positive law demands, equity means the doing of what is fair and right in every separate case. [1]

[Easton’s Bible Dictionary, 1996]


James Madison, The Federalist No. 51 (1788)

"Justice is the end of government. It is the end of civil society. It ever has been, and ever will be pursued, until it be obtained, or until liberty be lost in the pursuit." 

[The Federalist No. 51 (1788), James Madison]


Psalm 37:28, Bible, NKJV

"For the LORD loves justice, and does not forsake His saints; They are preserved forever, But the descendants of the wicked shall be cut off."

[Psalm 37:28, Bible, NKJV]


Psalm 37:30-31, Bible, NKJV

The mouth of the righteous speaks wisdom,
And his tongue talks of justice.
The law of his God is in his heart;
None of his steps shall slide.

[Psalm 37:30-31, Bible, NKJV]


Psalm 89:14, Bible, NKJV

"Righteousness and justice are the foundation of Your [God's] throne; Mercy and truth go before Your face."

[Psalm 89:14, Bible, NKJV]


Psalm 33:5, Bible, NKJV

"He [God] loves righteousness and justice;
The earth is full of the goodness of the LORD. " [Psalm 33:5, Bible, NKJV]


Psalm 106:3, Bible, NKJV

"Blessed are those who keep justice,
And he who does righteousness at all times! "

[Psalm 106:3, Bible, NKJV]


Prov. 16:8, Bible, NKJV

"Better is a little with righteousness, Than vast revenues without justice. " 

[Prov. 16:8, Bible, NKJV]


Prov. 17:23, Bible, NKJV

"A wicked man accepts a bribe behind the back to pervert the ways of justice. "

[Prov. 17:23, Bible, NKJV]


Prov. 29:4, Bible, NKJV

"The king establishes the land by justice, But he who receives bribes overthrows it. "

[Prov. 29:4, Bible, NKJV]


Isaiah 1:7, Bible, NKJV

"Learn to do good; Seek justice, Rebuke the oppressor; Defend the fatherless, Plead for the widow."

[Isaiah 1:7, Bible, NKJV]


Gerry Spence "With Justice For None" p.124

"The best antidote for crime is justice. The irony we often fail to appreciate is that the more justice people enjoy, the fewer crimes they commit. Crime is the natural offspring of an unjust society."

[Gerry Spence "With Justice For None" p.124] 


George Mason, Virginia Declaration of Rights, (1776)

"That no free Government, or the blessing of liberty, can be preserved to any people but by a firm adherence to justice..." 

[George Mason, Virginia Declaration of Rights, (1776)]


Magna Carta, ch. 40 (1215)

"To no one will we sell, to no one will we refuse or delay right or justice."

[Magna Carta, ch. 40 (1215)]